In 2021, there had been signs of an increase in agricultural prices due to the international economic upturn. Following the
invasion of Ukraine by the Russian Federation, there was great uncertainty on all markets for internationally traded goods.
This cause a sharp surge of prices. Agricultural goods, which were exported by Ukraine on a large scale, were affected first,
then almost all other goods. The rise in prices led to high increases in the production value of Austrian agriculture in 2022,
although the volume produced hardly increased. Despite the significantly more expensive production, revenues clearly outweighed
costs, allowing a strong increase in income. The situation was similar in forestry. However, the favorable situation in the
agricultural commodities market belies the challenges facing agriculture. According to scenario analyses, fundamental changes
such as a reduction in cattle numbers are needed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This would be accompanied by a significant
reduction in agricultural output.
JEL-Codes:E32, E66, Q18
Keywords:Agriculture, business cycle report, Austria, agricultural policy
Forschungsbereich:Klima-, Umwelt- und Ressourcenökonomie