Themenplattform "Europäische Herausforderungen"

Forschungsprojekte (58 Treffer)

Aktuelle Forschungsprojekte (in Arbeit)
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung – Copenhagen Economics – AFC Consulting Group AG – IDEA Consult – Public Policy and Management Institute – Danish Technological Institute – Ipsos
Auftraggeber: Europäisches Parlament
Aktuelle Forschungsprojekte (in Arbeit)
Mit finanzieller Unterstützung von: Jubiläumsfonds der Oesterreichischen Nationalbank
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Current research on US monetary policy shocks has improved identification of these shocks considerably. Research on euro area monetary policy has not yet incorporated these methodological advancements; identification is either weak or based on strong assumptions. We adopt the new approaches and sharpen inference on the macroeconomic and financial market effects of ECB monetary policy. In a first step, vector autoregressive models are estimated with Bayesian methods and monetary policy shocks are identified by means of sign restrictions. In a next step, identification is strengthened along two recently proposed dimensions: first, by applying sign restrictions also to the systematic component of monetary policy (Arias et al., 2016) and secondly, by exploiting narrative information on large reduced-form residuals (Antolin-Diaz & Rubio-Ramirez, 2016). We will not only estimate models for the euro area as a whole, but also for small euro area countries, including Austria. By employing a block exogenous framework, we duly take into account the specificity of the euro area as a monetary union of sovereign countries. We will not only present sample-averaged results by means of impulse response analysis and forecast error variance decompositions, but we will focus in particular on time series ("historical") decompositions. We will also apply them to new data in order to quantify in a timely manner the effects of the exit from the zero interest rate environment, which is to be expected over the project horizon.
Aktuelle Forschungsprojekte (in Arbeit)
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Mit finanzieller Unterstützung von: Jubiläumsfonds der Oesterreichischen Nationalbank
The European Emission Trading System (EU ETS) that covers greenhouse gas emissions from manufacturing and energy supply is a key instrument of the EU's climate policy. Since the start of the scheme in 2005, the credibility of the EU ETS has, however, been put into question due to a persistent oversupply of allowances (reflecting the regulators' uncertainty about firms' emission levels in the first trading period and a drop in emissions following the financial market and economic crisis in the second trading period). Numerous changes to the design of the EU ETS have been made in order to tackle this issue. The project SAFE aims at contributing to the research on the functioning and effectiveness of emissions trading schemes. It analyses whether the EU ETS despite a considerable surplus of allowances and low prices spurred abatement activities of the covered firms and whether firms have perceived changes in the incentives provided by the scheme over time. Moreover, it analyses how firms engaged in allowance trading and if their trading behaviour changed since the start of the EU ETS. To answer these questions, a case study for Austria is conducted in which an analysis of data on allocations, verified emissions and trading flows from the EUTL is combined with a survey among firms covered by the EU ETS.
Aktuelle Forschungsprojekte (in Arbeit)
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Auftraggeber: Europäische Kommission
The main objective of this project is to update the existing database of projects co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) as provided in the R&I regional viewer of the S3 platform. The updated database should include a complete list of the ERDF operations supported between January 2014 and December 2020 (as reported in lists of operations). Furthermore, data enrichment should be extended concerning thematic project information. A short report will give an overview of the new dataset.
Projektleitung: Michael Böheim
Towards a Future-Oriented EU State Aid Regime (Ein zukunftsgerechter EU-Beihilfenrahmen)
Abgeschlossene Forschungsprojekte
Auftraggeber: Bundeskanzleramt – Bundesministerium für Digitalisierung und Wirtschaftsstandort
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Abgeschlossen: 2021
On offer is a study that develops a future-oriented EU state aid framework on the basis of a comprehensive economic and legal analysis.
Projektleitung: Julia Bachtrögler-Unger
Projektmitarbeit: Peter Reschenhofer
Evaluation of European funding policies using satellite data (Evaluation europäischer Förderpolitik unter Verwendung von Satellitendaten)
Abgeschlossene Forschungsprojekte
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Auftraggeber: Bertelsmann Stiftung Gütersloh
Abgeschlossen: 2021
For the analysis of small-scale effects of EU structural and cohesion policy, data on projects funded in programming periods 2007 to 2013 and 2014 to 2020 in selected pilot regions are linked with satellite images. In addition, a regional database is created on the smallest possible scale to comprehensively analyse the effects of EU funding policy at local level.
Projektleitung: Harald Oberhofer
The Effects of Brexit on Austria's Economy (Die Auswirkungen des Brexit auf Österreichs Wirtschaft)
Abgeschlossene Forschungsprojekte
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Auftraggeber: Bundesministerium für Digitalisierung und Wirtschaftsstandort
Abgeschlossen: 2021
This study provides an update on the trade and welfare effects of brexit for the Austrian economy calculated by WIFO in 2017 ("Estimating the Trade and Welfare Effects of Brexit. A Panel Data Structural Gravity Model"). The estimation is done with a structural gravity model on a disaggregated industry level. The results for different extreme scenarios (hard brexit and soft brexit) are compared with the current state of negotiations in November 2020.
Aktuelle Forschungsprojekte (in Arbeit)
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung – Copenhagen Economics – Institute for Economic Research Finland
Auftraggeber: Europäische Kommission
The objective of the study is to describe the potential effects of some possible corporate tax reforms on economic efficiency, inequality and tax competition. The study will offer an in-depth descriptive overview of the channels and possible interactions between them, where relevant. Furthermore, it will explore the main components of potential reforms, each within the Single Market and at international level: a reallocation of taxing rights across jurisdictions, the implementation of a minimum effective tax rate, and a harmonisation of tax bases. When quantification is possible, the study will also provide the methodology to estimate the magnitudes of the various effects of the reforms on economic efficiency, inequality and tax competition, together with preliminary estimates of the effects. Lastly, the study will didactically describe in detail whether and how the European Commission's CORTAX model might be further developed to include the potential effects discussed. In case the effects are not currently included in CORTAX, the study will conductible explain how to integrate them into the model and provide a detailed description of the methodology to integrate the effects, in the form of reduced-form equations.
Abgeschlossene Forschungsprojekte
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung – ECORYS Holding BV
Auftraggeber: Europäische Kommission
Abgeschlossen: 2020
The role of environmental taxation, and especially of carbon taxes, as key market-based instrument is widely acknowledged in the literature. In the EU context, carbon taxes are of special relevance to reduce greenhouse gas emissions of the sectors not covered by the European Emission Trading System (ETS). The most important of these sectors is transport, where greenhouse gas emissions have been rising continuously in the past and are now making up for more than 20 percent of overall EU greenhouse gas emissions. The adoption of carbon taxes varies among EU countries and there is considerable heterogeneity in terms of scope and implementation of these policies. Most commonly, these taxes target the transport sector; only some member countries have broadened the scope of fuel carbon taxes to other sectors than transport. Various strategic documents issued at the EU level stress the role of environmental taxes and particularly of fuel taxes as important tools to support the transition to sustainable transport and as one element of tax shifts making European tax systems more growth- and environmentally-friendly. Explicit or implicit carbon taxes are also relevant for other non-ETS sectors, in particular the housing sector. The objective of the study is to define a set of concrete policy recommendations to enhance efforts to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases effectively. Based on a solid benchmarking, the study will identify tax measures incentivising individuals and/or companies to change towards more sustainable behaviours. The identification of policies will be based on a set of criteria to support EU member countries to develop national strategies that are fair, efficient as well as economically and politically viable to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. While explicit and implicit taxes are among the key measures explored, related tax measures will also be covered. These include tax incentives aiming at reducing greenhouse gas emissions (e.g., tax breaks for the purchase of electric vehicles) as well as the removal of harmful tax disincentives (e.g., tax privileges for company cars or diesel fuel).
Aktuelle Forschungsprojekte (in Arbeit)
Studie von: Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung – IDEA Consult
Auftraggeber: Public Policy and Management Institute
MORE4 updates the first three MORE studies. It conducts large-scale surveys among researchers residing in the EU and working outside of the EU. It uses the information to investigate geographic and intersectoral mobility patterns of researchers, building indicators on the stock and flow of researchers in academia. It also investigates the attractiveness of the EU as a research location, analysing the key factors which make a location attractive for researchers.
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